Will the appearance of sporozoites in blood mark the end of prepatent period in malaria?
Actually, no. The presence of sporozoites indicates the start of the infection. Sporozoites are introduced into the bloodstream via the bite of an infected mosquit0. The sporozoites then have to make their way to the liver and infect hepatocyte cells, where they undergo pre-erythrocytic schizogony. This is where the malaria parasites produce multiple copies of their nucleus without dividing the cytoplasm of the cell; new copies of the cell are produced by budding. These new cells are called merozoites, and they are released back into the blood, where they search for erythrocytes (red blood cells) to infect.
This is the end of the pre-patent period in malaria, as the symptoms of disease will start once the merozoites infect and rupture the host’s red blood cells, and parasitaemia may also be detected at this stage through observation of peripheral blood samples.
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