What countries can malaria be found in?
Malaria is found on every continent of the world except Antartica—however, regular transmission every year mainly only occurs in Central and South America, Africa, parts of the Middle East, Asia and parts of Oceania/the Pacific Islands.
The world’s highest areas of malaria prevalence and transmission occur in sub-Saharan Africa, followed by India, south-east Asia (especially the Indo-Pacific islands, such as Papua New Guinea) and parts of Central America and northern South America.
Based on the latest available data, the top five countries reporting the most annual malaria deaths were Kenya, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Cote d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso. However, the top five countries with the highest number of malaria cases per 100,000 members of the population were Guinea, Botswana, Burundi, Zambia and Malawi.
The Solomon Islands have the highest number of malaria cases per 100,000 outside of Africa, followed by Yemen. Note that these statistics are highly dependent on quality of diagnosis, treatment and reporting!