What are the probable side effects / reaction of “Artemether with Lumefantrine” to a 4.5 years, 5ml syrup, 2 doses – 0 & 8 hours?
Artermeter with Lumefantrine is often sold under the brand name “Coartem” and is widely distributed in areas of high P. falciparum prevalence, and particularly where known resistance to chloroquine occurs.
Coartem is also the drug of choice for the Roll Back Malaria programme. A study of 1332 children, mainly in sub-Saharan Africa, revealed that few children experienced any side effects while taking Coartem, and of these, the vast majority of side effects were mild, did not prevent the child from continuing to take the medication, and were resolved.
The most common symptoms that were observed in children were pyrexia (fever), cough, vomiting, loss of appetite and headaches. Other, more clinically significant but also more rare, side effects which have been observed include tinnitus (ringing in the ears), blood disorders, problems sleeping, heart palpitations, mood swings, gastrointestinal upset, itchiness, back pain and vertigo.