When was the first ever outbreak of malaria?
Malaria has actually been known in human populations for thousands of years, so the first ever outbreak occurred long before any records were kept. The ancient Chinese recorded the symptoms of malaria in a medical manuscript which dates back to 2700 BCE, so almost 5000 years ago!
The symptoms of malaria were also known to the ancient Romans, Greeks, Egyptians and native peoples of the Americas, though none of them fully understood the cause of the disease or how it was transmitted. That information was discovered in the late 19th century, by Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, who first observed malaria parasites in the blood of a patient and attributed them to the disease, and by Ronald Ross, who demonstrated that the malaria parasite was transmitted by mosquitoes.