How does malaria cause anemia?
Anemia is the result of a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the blood. Malaria specifically attacks red blood cells, invading them and then undergoing multiple cycles of reproduction inside them. Once replication has been completed, the malaria parasites burst out of the red blood cell, destroying it in the process. Over the course of an infection, this can destroy many red blood cells, resulting in anemia in the patient.